Publication Ethics

- Duties of Authors

    • Reporting standards
    • Data Access and Retention
    • Originality and Plagiarism
    • Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
    • Acknowledgement of Sources
    • Authorship of the Paper
    • Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
    • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
    • Fundamental errors in published works

- Duties of Reviewers:

    • Contribution to Editorial Decision
    • Promptness
    • Confidentiality
    • Standards of Objectivity
    • Acknowledgement of Source
    • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
    • Identification and prevention from publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred

- Duties of Editors:

    • Publication decision
    • Fair play
    • Confidentiality
    • Disclosure and Conflicts of interest
    • Involvement and cooperation in investigations
    • Identification and prevention from publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred

- Duties of Publisher:

    • Pubilcation of the issues
    • Advertisement
    • Indexing of the issues
    • Williness to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed

- Competing Interests

Authors should disclose in their manuscripts any financial or any other conflicts of interest that might have influenced the results presented or their interpretations thereof.

What Represents a Competing Interest?
A competing interest is anything that interferes with or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with the full and objective presentation, peer review, editorial decision-making and/or publication of research or non-research articles submitted to JEBE.

Competing interests can be financial or non-financial, professional or personal. Competing interests can arise in relation to an organisation or another person.

Declaring all potential competing interests is a requirement at JEBE and is integral to the transparent reporting of research.

Failure to declare competing interests can result in immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed competing interest comes to light after publication, JEBE will take action following COPE guidelines and issue a public notification to the community.

Financial competing interests
Financial competing interests include but are not limited to:

  • Ownership of stocks or shares
  • Paid employment or consultancy
  • Board membership
  • Patent applications (pending or actual) including individual applications or those belonging to the institution to which the authors are affiliated and from which the authors may benefit
  • Research grants (from any source, restricted or unrestricted)
  • Travel grants and honoraria for speaking or participation at meetings
  • Gifts

Non-financial competing interests
Non-financial competing interests include but are not limited to:

  • Acting as an expert witness
  • Membership in a government or other advisory board
  • Relationship (paid or unpaid) with organisations and funding bodies including nongovernmental organisations, research institutions, or charities
  • Membership of lobbying or advocacy organisations
  • Writing or consulting for an educational company
  • Personal relationships (i.e. friend, spouse, family member, current or previous mentor, adversary) with individuals involved in the submission or evaluation of a paper, such as authors, reviewers, editors, or members of the editorial board of a JEBE journal
  • Personal convictions (political, religious, ideological, or other) related to a paper's topic that might interfere with an unbiased publication process (at the stage of authorship, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication

Note: competing interests statement quoted from PLOS.